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【VOA】训练大脑用亚博全站app 8思考

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Train Your Brain to Think in English

训练大脑用亚博全站app 8思考

If you live in a place where most people speak the language you are learning, you may use the language for several hours each day.


So, it may become part of your "inner speech."In other words, you start thinking in that language. Your mind stops trying to translate things from your native language into the second language.


But, the majority of the VOA Learning English audience lives in places where English is not the main language.

但是,大多数美国之音学习亚博全站app 8的观众生活在亚博全站app 8不是主要语言的地方。

This may be true for you. You may not have many chances to practice English. You may even be self-taught.

这对你来说可能是实情,你可能没有太多机会练习亚博全站app 8,你甚至可能要自学成才。

When you speak, your speech might be slower than you would like. This is because your mind is still translating from your first language, which can also sound unnatural. English, like every other language, has its own sentence structure.

你的大脑仍然在从第一个语言进行翻译,这听起来也不太正常。亚博全站app 8和其他语言一样,有自己的句子结构。

The good news is that thinking in English can bring you a huge step closer to fluency! It is not very difficult, but it does take conscious effort and practice.

好消息是,用亚博全站app 8思考可以让你离流利会话更进一步!这并不难,但需要有意识地去做和实践。

On today's Education Tips, we will share some mental exercises that can help.


Most experts note that it's best to start small. So, a good first step is to think in individual words.


Look around you. What do you see? In your head, try to name each object in your surroundings.


Charles Thomas has taught English to Union members, children and teenagers for over 10 years. He has also helped open schools in several countries. He currently works for EF International Schools in Washington, D.C.

查尔斯·托马斯给工会成员、儿童和青少年教授亚博全站app 8已经有十多年之久,他还帮助几个国家开办了学校,他目前在华盛顿特区的英孚国际学校工作。

Thomas tells his students to name the things that they see around them, wherever they are.


"As you continue with this, it becomes more of a habit, so things are going topop upinto your head – computer, telephone, chair, desk. Whatever it is...wherever you are."


Start with nouns and then add in verbs, he suggests.


He says you can also do this at home when you wake up and before you go to sleep.


Teacher Andrew Hinshaw also finds this exercise helpful.


He has been teaching English for 12 years, including in Vietnam for the U.S. Department of State. He currently teaches at the Carlos Rosario International Public Charter School in Washington, D.C.

他已经教了12年亚博全站app 8,包括在越南为美国国务院工作。他目前在华盛顿特区的卡洛斯·罗萨里奥国际公立特许学校任教。

Hinshaw remembers one method some of his Vietnamese students liked.


"I've had students tell me that they label everything in their room or their apartments so that these English words, kind of, stick in their heads."

“有学生告诉我,他们把房间或公寓里的所有东西都贴上标签,这样这些亚博全站app 8单词就好像粘在了他们的脑子里。”

Another exercise that both Thomas and Hinshaw suggest is describing in your mind objects you don't know the words for.


An example would be if you couldn't think of the word "garage," Thomas says.


"If you're looking at your house and you see your garage, but you can't think of the name in English. You can say, ‘The place inside where I put my car' or you can say, 'It'snext tomy house. I keep things there.'"


He says you can also use shorter phrases, such as "It's similar to..." or "It's the opposite of..."


Hinshaw says doing this can help learners of any language. As a Spanish learner, he does it himself.


The next exercise is thinking in simple sentences.


For example, if you are sitting in a park, you can tell yourself things like, "It's such a beautiful day" and "People are playing sports with their friends."


Once this becomes easy, you can move on to more difficult sentences.


Hinshaw sometimes uses this exercise to think about what he wants to say to people in Spanish.


"I definitely try to say these sentences in my head or try to put the words together without thinking too much about if it's absolutely correct."


Another exercise experts suggest is to describe your daily activities. There are a few ways to do this.


Thomas asks his beginning-level students to describe their day using the simple present verb form. So, they would think to themselves things like, "I put on my shirt" and "He drives the bus."


Other experts say you can mentally make plans in the morning when you wake up. This would require other verb tenses. So the skill level is a little higher.


For example, you might tell yourself, "When I leave the house, I'm going to get an iced coffee. Then, I'll take the train to class. I'm studying with Paola today. She said she booked a study room at the library for 2 p.m."


Now, let's move to thinking in conversation.


When you do this, you are imagining yourself speaking to someone else. You are asking the questions and thinking of replies.


This is a great way to practice what you might say in a real conversation.


For example, let's say the imaginary person asks you a question like, "What did you think of the award show last night?" How would you answer? Imagine the conversation and practice it in your head.


You can do this out loud or in silence.


For all of these exercises, there will of course be words and phrases that you do not know. So, at some point you will need to use a dictionary.


If your skill level is high enough, you might consider using an English-to-English dictionary.


Hinshaw suggests writing down just five to 10 new words and phrases each day.


Keeping a notebook, he says, helps you remember the situation that you needed that word or phrase for. This makes it easy to recall when you are in such a situation again.


So, how much time should you spend on these exercises?


Thomas says do a little every day.


"So when you're doing it every day,over and over again, little by little, that's the key. Because, when you make things a habit, then it just pops up into your mind without thinking and then, before you know it, really, you're thinking in English."

“你每天都这么做,关键是一遍遍,一点点地做。因为,当你养成一种习惯时,它就会不假思索地出现在脑海中。在你意识到之前,你就在用亚博全站app 8思考了。”

I'm Alice Bryant.


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